How to prevent a second stroke with these 7 life-saving tips

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Learning to prevent a second stroke has to do with awareness and action. Stroke prevention should be the cornerstone of stroke rehabilitation process of each patient.


With this 7-step framework, you will reduce your risk of recurring stroke and also create a healthy foundation for your recovery.


Let's start.


How to Reduce your stroke risk factors


According to a study published by Neurology, the risk of recurrent stroke was 2.6 percent in the first 14 days after stroke and 6 percent in the next 90 days.


The study also found that more than 96% of patients who had a second stroke showed signs of one or more risk factorsTherefore, it is essential to understand your risk factors and reduce them effectively.



Some of the biggest risk factors for stroke are:


-History of mini-ictus or transient ischemic attack (AIT);


-Age (the stroke risk doubles every decade after age 55);


-Heart attack history;


-High blood pressure;


-Smoking cigarettes;


-Diabetes;


-Atrial fibrillation or CADSIL;


-Atherosclerosis;


-High blood cholesterol.


While you can't control some of these risk factors, such as age, you can control others, such as smoking and high blood pressure.


We will analyze the manageable risk factors for stroke in the rest of this article.


2. Check your blood pressure to avoid damaging the arteries in your brain



Having high blood pressure puts additional stress on the walls of the arteries, causing damage. When pressure affects the arteries in the brain, the risk of a second stroke increases, especially a hemorrhagic stroke caused by an artery bursting.


High blood pressure, the main cause of stroke, is aggravated by a large intake of salt.


So if you tend to shake the salt shaker excessively, try not to do it as much. Here is a guide that can help you reduce your sodium intake and, as a result, reduce your risk of stroke.


3. Move around to reduce stroke risk by 20%!



Speaking of exercise, did you know that exercising enough to sweat several times a week can reduce your risk of stroke in one twenty%; That's a great boost in brain protection, so find time in your day to move about.


And if your limited mobility prevents you from moving fast enough to sweat, don't worry about it. While participating in rehabilitation every day, it will advance to that point.


4. Get any preventive surgery recommended by your doctor



Your risk of stroke increases if you have an aneurysm in your brain. An aneurysm is a bump in the artery that creates weakness in the vessel wall and increases the risk of rupture (hemorrhagic stroke).


Two types of preventive surgeries are aneurysm stapling and aneurysm embolization. During an aneurysm stapling, a small clipmetal is inserted into the aneurysm to isolate it from normal blood flow.


During embolization of an aneurysm, a metal spiral is inserted into the aneurysm to isolate it from normal blood flow.


These surgeries are serious and invasive treatments, but they can help to assess the risk of hemorrhagic stroke. If you have aneurysm and high blood pressure, talk to your doctor about this potential life-saving procedure.


5. Try the "MIND Diet" backed by science



The name of this diet is the acronym for Mediterranean-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay, which we can translate as "intervention diet for neurodegenerative delay"


The MIND diet combines the two diets, Mediterranean and DASH, which are heart healthy.


Since it is tested that both the DASH diet (dietary approaches to stop hypertension) and the Mediterranean diet help prevent stroke, the MIND diet deserves special attention.


We like the MIND diet more than other diets because it has been shown to also help with stroke recovery.


If you want to eat in a way that helps prevent a stroke and recover from it sequels, Try to follow the MIND diet if your doctor approves it.


Essentially, this diet encourages you to focus on eating 10 foods and avoiding eating 5 specific foods.


The 10 foods you should eat:


-Green leafy vegetables : aim for more than 6 servings per week;


-All other vegetables: try to eat another starchless vegetable once a day;


-Berries: twice a week (such as grapes, blackberries, guavas, tomato, etc.);


-Walnuts: 5 or more servings per week;


-Olive oil: use it as a salad dressing or cooking oil;


-Integral grains : like oatmeal, quinoa and whole wheat pasta. Write down 3 servings a day;


-Fish: twice a week;


-Legumes: 4 times a week (such as beans, chickpeas, broad beans, lentils);


-Poultry: twice a week (sorry, fried chicken is not recommended).


The 5 foods to avoid:


-Butter and margarine : less than 1 tablespoon a day;


-Cheese:less than once a week;


-Dessert and sweet: less than 4 times a week.


We know it can be a bummer to eliminate these last 5 foods, but think of all the benefits of protecting the brain and preventing strokes (strokes)!


6. Get your neuroprotective vitamins


Coctel de vitaminas para ictus


Certain nutrients can help prevent a second stroke. We recommend getting all the nutrients directly from food, but sometimes supplements can help fill the gap when we need extra help.


Some of the main vitamins for stroke recovery are CoQ10, vitamin B3 and fish oil. Before buying any supplement, check with your doctor (as you may interact with the medications you are taking) and see if you can get them first from the foods.


CoQ10 can be found in beef, broccoli, and spinach, while vitamin B3 can be found in tuna, chicken, and salmon. Fish oil can therefore be found … in fish, especially fatty fish such as salmon (which is approved by the MIND diet!).


7. Practice self-care because stress can cause a cerebrovascular stroke



Living with chronic long-term stress increases your risk of stroke 4 times!


Oh! Stress hormones; They increase blood pressure, and when those hormones are present in the long term, they can eventually cause a stroke.


We know that recovery from stroke can be a very stressful time due to health problems and financial stress. Do your best to practice personal care so that stress does not affect you.


If you find your situation too overwhelming, talk to your doctor about possible medications to help alleviate anxiety. While we encourage you to get closer to the recovery naturally, Medication is always a good option when it can help prevent a second stroke!


(Reference – https://www.google.com/amp/s/health.clevelandclinic.org/how-to-prevent-a-second-stroke/amp/, https://news.christianacare.org/2018/05/5-ways-to-help-prevent-a-second-stroke/)



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