Typhoid Fever: Symptoms and treatment of the disease

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Typhoid fever is a bacterial infection that can cause serious issues in the body that can affect many organs if not treated promptly. It can cause serious complications that can be fatal to the body. Typhoid fever, also known as Enteric fever is a very contagious disease that we must try our best to avoid.


It's a disease caused by salmonella Typhi bacteria that spread through food, water, and close contact with an already infected person. It's a very life-threatening infection in developing world countries, especially for children.


Countries with the most rates of Typhoid fever includes


1)Africa


2)South and Southeast Asia


3)Indian subcontinent


4)South America


 Symptoms of Typhoid Fever


 The two major symptoms of Typhoid fever is FEVER and RASH(Rash is often present on the neck or abdomen of a patient infected with the disease, but not compulsorily shown on all patients)


These symptoms might start to develop gradually over a space of two to three weeks and other signs and symptoms include:


 a) Sweating


 b) Dry cough


 c) Muscle ache


 d) Weakness and lack of appetite


 e) headache


 f) diarrhea


 g) Stomach pain




Photo Credit: Finelib


Treatment


Treatment for Typhoid fever is done commonly with antibiotics. But if not properly managed, monitored, it might cause death. Vaccines administration cannot be overemphasized at this juncture as people traveling to countries that are exposed to the bacteria are advised to get vaccinated in order to stay protected.


Vaccination has not been proved to be fully combatant for the infection and its spread


Ways to avoid this infection


Since the infection is one that spreads through contacts or ingested human feces. Here are some ways that would help curb the spread of infection in underdeveloped countries. They include:


 1) Drink Carbonated bottled water


 2)Avoid eating something or food that has been handled by another


 3) In absence of bottled water, ensure that drinkable water is properly boiled before consumption


 4) Avoid ice in your drinks



Content created and supplied by: DrGeraldine (via Opera

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